Québec City economic statistics

Québec City is a thriving economic hub. Learn more about Québec City’s main economic indicators. You can use this information to evaluate the region’s performance in several areas:

You can also access a list of major projects that are underway in the region, news ventures by private employers as well many relevant articles and documents.

Discover the Québec City region’s vitality and community.

The labour market

Statistics Canada estimated that there were 435,800 people employed in the Québec City CMA, which is explained by a gain of 8,600 jobs (+2.0%) in August. Therefore, market labour growth continued for the second month in a row, with 37% of all jobs created in the province of Quebec registered in the Québec City region. After a difficult spring, the number of jobs has now surpassed the level registered before the pandemic (+0.3%). 

Statistics Canada estimated that the number of active workers—either employed or looking for work—grew by 10,800 people in August (+2.4%), bringing the total to 455,800. This is the highest monthly increase among major Canadian CMAs.  

Data updated in April 2022.

Want to know more? Read our April 2022 analysis.

  • 2.9%

    Unemployment rate


  • +8,300

    Job creation (+1,9%)


  • 63.8%

    Employment rate


  • 2,800

    Change in active population


Economic growth

Based on estimates from the Conference Board of Canada (CBoC), real gross domestic product (GDP) in the Québec City census metropolitan area (CMA) was $40.1B in 2022, an annual increase of 1.5%. This growth is lower than what the CBoC had projected last year. The CBoC’s overestimation was caused in part by a resurgence of inflation in 2022. On that front, inflation affected all regions of Canada, not only the Québec City CMA. However, the region’s overall growth of 1.5% approaches the average registered between 2010 and 2019.

As for the standard of living and productivity levels, the region continues to lag behind the other major Canadian CMAs. After a challenging year from coast to coast, the region ranked last in Canada, with the standard of living established at $47,088 and the GDP per job at $91,469.

Information updated as of June 2023.

  • $40.1 billion

    Real GDP


  • +1.5%

    Real GDP variation


  • $91.149

    (PIB réel par emploi)

  • -0.2 %

    Real GDP variation (prevision)


Residential and non-residential investments

With $5B in spending intentions in 2021, investments in non-residential tangible capital expenditures in the Québec City CMA increased by 15% compared to 2020, when the region had registered $4.3B in investments. Most of this increase was due to non-residential construction, which accounted for almost two thirds (64.8%) of spending intentions, compared to slightly more than one third for machinery and equipment.

The overall building construction sector (non-residential and residential) in the CMA also broke a 30 year record, with a 25% increase in investments compared to 2020. Despite the pandemic, the CMA continued the progression started in 2017.

Information updated as of June 2023.

  • $5.05 billion

    Capital assets

    Non-residential (+15%)

  • 274

    Foreign subsidiaries
    in the Québec City CMA

  • 8,290

    Construction starts
    (- 12 %)

  • $5.5 billion

    Building construction

Purchasing power

This report presents an analysis of the purchasing power and the financial situation of households in the Québec City census metropolitan area (CMA) in 2022. The increased inflation has impacted household finances in 2022, decreasing their purchasing power despite an increase in salaries and personal disposable income per capita.

Despite this situation, the number of bankruptcies dropped by 17% in 2022, down for the fourth year in a row. The consumption, adjusted for inflation, fell slighty by 0.4%. The real estate market continued the trend started in 2021, with the prices of single-family houses growing by 13.2%. Meanwhile, the average monthly rent for a two-bedroom apartment increased by 3.3%.

Nevertheless, the average price of a single-family house ($370,008) in the Québec City CMA remains one of the lowest among major Canadian CMAs, while the average rent for a two-bedroom apartment is the most affordable.

Projections by the Bank of Canada show that consumers continue to expect high inflation over the next five years, while the Conference Board of Canada expects inflation to slow down starting as soon as next year. Projections also show that salaries are likely to continue to grow in the coming years.

Information updated as of Avril 2023.

  • $52,299

    Average salary


  • +3.5%

    Inflation rate


  • $16.8 billion

    Retail sales


  • $34,973

    Personal disposable income


Demographic overview

Our demographic report for 2021 has shown that population growth is more than ever a challenge for the Québec City CMA, with gradually smaller annual increases. Analyses have shown that the proportion of natural increase in the overall population growth continues to shrink. Although the number of births is stable and should remain stable for the next decade, deaths will significantly increase due to population aging, which will ultimately lead to a negative natural growth rate. Local family policies that encourage births while also attracting young families across Quebec and Canada are essential to continue to leverage natural increase in the CMA’s demographic dynamics.

Analyses have also shown that the Québec City CMA is doing well in terms of intraprovincial migration, with a positive net result in 2021 (+538). Once again, significant gains in the 15–24 age category in 2021 (+1,223) were completely outweighed by losses in the 24–54 (-484) and 45–64 ( 696) age categories. Attraction and retention policies that target specific age groups will help improve net migration in the province of Quebec so that this component can have a stronger effect on the population increase.

Information updated as of April 2022.

  • 848,800

    Total population


  • 14.5‰

    Population growth


  • 12.200

    Natural increase in population


  • 11,000

    Attracted people


Our Economics Team

Émile Émond
Senior economist
El Hadji Djime Nimaga
Alexis McClish

Contact for information requests

Isabelle Cloutier
Senior advisor - Press relations and public communication

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